The great Bagan Temple is an ancient city located in the Mandalay Region of Burma (Myanmar). Bagan, also spelled Pagan, on the banks of the Ayerwaddy River, is home to the main area of Buddhist temples, pagodas, stupas and ruins in the world. It was the capital of several very old kings of Burma who built perhaps as a lot of as 4,400 temples through the height of the kingdom (between 1000 and 1200 AD). In 1287, the kingdom fell to the Mongols, after refusing to pay honor to Kublai Khan and Bagan rapidly declined as a political center, but constant to flourish as a place of Buddhist scholarship.
From the 9th to 13th centuries, the city was the capital of the Kingdom of Pagan, the first kingdom to unite the regions that would later make up modern Myanmar. During the kingdom's height flanked by the 11th and 13th centuries, over 10,000 Buddhist temples, pagodas and monasteries were constructed in the Bagan plains by manually, of which the remains of more than 2200 temples and pagodas still endure to the present day.