The great Top 10 most famous Pha That Luang Buddhist Temple Located in Vientiane, Pha That Luang (“Great Stupa in Lao”) is one of the most main monument in Laos. The stupa has numerous terraces with each level representing a special stage of Buddhist enlightenment. The lowest level represents the objects world; the highest level represents the world of oblivion. The Buddhist Pha That Luang temple was built in the 16th century on the ruins of an earlier Khmer temple. The temple was damaged by a Siamese incursion in 1828, then later reconstructed by the French in 1931.